Multiple sclerosis [MS]: It is a chronic disease that attacks the central nervous system.
This is what was explained by www.nationalmssociety.org, and he added that the exacerbation of this disease, its severity, and its symptoms differ from one person to another. At a time when symptoms in one of the sufferers may be just numbness in the extremities, another may become paralyzed or blind.
It is a cause for optimism, according to what the site indicated, that modern treatments and advanced research are promising, which gives hope to those affected by this disease and their lovers.
Definition of MS:
Www.MayoClinic.com stated that the patient’s immune system mistakenly directs antibodies and white blood cells against a fatty substance that insulates nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord, which is called the myelin sheath.
This causes the coat to become inflamed and damaged, causing damage to the nerves surrounding the coat. This results in multiple areas of sclerosis. Over time, this leads to slowing or blocking and blocking the nerve signals that control muscle coordination, strength, sensation and vision.
It is worth noting that people with this disease usually develop its first symptoms and signs between the ages of 20 and 40 years.
Causes of MS:
Researchers do not yet know the cause of the body’s autoimmune response to the myelin sheath, but it appears that something triggers this attack in people who are susceptible to it. The following factors also help to contract this disease:
Genetic factors, as this disease is more prevalent among people of European roots. Although the risk of infecting children with this disease is less than 5% over their lifetime, researchers suspect that infection is an inherited infection, but it only appears when there are environmental stimuli;
Environmental factors, as many viruses and bacteria are suspected to cause it;
Geographical factors, as this disease is more common in certain regions, including Europe, southern Canada, northern United States and southeast Australia.
His symptoms :
Multiple sclerosis symptoms vary widely, depending on the location of the affected nerve fibers. However, symptoms usually include the following:
Numbness and weakness in one or more extremities, usually affecting one side or the lower half of the body for a period of time.
Feeling of tingling and pain in parts of the body.
Feeling of electric shock when moving the head with certain movements.
Tremors, asymmetry, or instability in gait.
Stiffness and muscle spasms.
Fatigue and dizziness.
Partial or complete loss of vision, usually only one eye suffers in a single period of time, and that loss may be associated with pain when moving the eye.