8 Symptoms of MS and Methods of Diagnosis

Multiple sclerosis is a difficult disease to diagnose. Therefore, we offer you some warning signs that may help detect infection

What is MS?
Multiple sclerosis is a progressive autoimmune disorder that occurs when the protective covering of nerve cells is damaged, which leads to a reduction and impairment of brain and spine function. We can say, that during illness, the immune system that maintains your health begins to attack other parts of the body that are important for your daily functions.

Although the disease was discovered in 1868, its cause is still unknown. While researchers are well aware that nerve damage occurs as a result of infections, the cause of the inflammation itself is still unknown.




1- Multiple sclerosis and vision problems

One of the most common early signs of multiple sclerosis is: Vision problems, which is clinically called “optic neuritis”. The inflammation affects the optic nerve and causes problems with central vision. This could lead to blurred vision in one or both eyes, double vision, or loss of contrast sensitivity or vivid color discrimination.

Vision problems may not be noticed by the patient immediately, as the deterioration of vision may be slow. In addition to deteriorating vision, people may feel pain when looking up or to one side.

2- Tingling and numbnes

Because multiple sclerosis affects the nerves of the brain and spine (the message center in the body), they may send conflicting signals throughout the body.
Sometimes, no signals are sent at all, which results in the most common symptom being numbness, usually in the face, arms, legs and fingers. It should be noted that the feeling of numbness and tingling of the most common warning signs of multiple sclerosis.



3- Pain and cramps

Chronic pain and involuntary muscle spasms are common symptoms of MS. One study indicated that half of MS patients suffer from noticeable pain, or chronic pain.

Muscle stiffness and spasms are also common symptoms of multiple sclerosis. The patient feels muscle and joint stiffness, as well as painful, involuntary and uncontrollable movements of the limbs. The legs are often affected more, but back pain is also common in patients with multiple sclerosis.

4- Fatigue and weakness

80% of people with multiple sclerosis in the early stages experience unexplained fatigue and weakness.

The patient develops chronic fatigue when the nerves in the spine are damaged. The feeling of fatigue usually occurs suddenly and lasts for weeks before feeling better. Initially, weakness is most noticeable in the legs.




5- Dizziness and problems with balance

Dizziness, problems with balance and coordination are the most common movement problems in people with multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis may prevent the patient from freedom of movement and movement, because he usually feels dizzy, or feels dizzy (seeing the surroundings as if they are spinning) and this often happens when the person stands.

In addition to other physical symptoms, the lack of balance causes a patient with MS to have less mobility. And your doctor may refer to these problems as problems when walking.

6- Bladder and bowel dysfunction and impotence

Bladder weakness is a symptom of multiple sclerosis that affects nearly 80% of patients. This may lead to the patient having frequent urination, an urgent desire to urinate, or the inability to hold and hold urine, whether during the night or the day. Fortunately, symptoms related to a weak bladder can be controlled. Sometimes, people with multiple sclerosis may experience constipation, diarrhea, or a loss of bowel control.

Sexual arousal can also become a problem for people with multiple sclerosis, because it begins in the central nervous system, which is attacked by MS.



7- Perception problems

Approximately 50% of people with multiple sclerosis suffer from some problems related to cognitive functions. They include:

Memory problems.
Language problems.
Short-term attention.

8- Mental health

According to some studies, major depression is a common symptom among patients with multiple sclerosis.

Along with depression, stress from multiple sclerosis can lead to irritability, mood swings, and pseudobulbar affect (loss of emotional control), which are uncontrollable bouts of crying or laughing.
It should be noted that dealing with multiple sclerosis, along with problems and family relationships, may make depression and other emotional disorders more challenging and difficult for the patient.