Multiple sclerosis is a disease of the central nervous system, and it is also a chronic condition in which the immune system that covers the nerve fibers attacks and causes communication problems between your brain and the rest of your body.
Ultimately, the disease can cause permanent nerve damage or deterioration, and for this reason, your brain becomes unable to send and receive signals to and from the rest of the body.
According to the “Health Site” medical site, this disease is not hereditary and experts believe that it may be caused by an environmental stimulus, such as a virus or toxic substance, which may lead to an acute attack on the immune system.
Here are some of the early signs that you may have this disease:
– Blurred vision
Eye problems may appear gradually and you may not be aware of the signs immediately.
Inflammation affects the optic nerve and disrupts central vision, leading to blurred vision, double vision, or even vision loss. You may also feel pain when looking up or to one side.
– Tingling or numbness
If you have this condition, it affects the nerves in the brain and spinal cord, which may disturb the signals sent to and from the brain.
Sometimes, no signals may be sent as well, and this leads to numbness and tingling in the face, arms, legs and fingers.
– Weakness and muscle spasms
Chronic pain and muscle spasms are common in this condition, and you may also experience some muscle stiffness and joint pain, and sometimes there may be involuntary movements in the legs and pain in your back.
– Weakness and stress
Almost 80 percent of people with multiple sclerosis suffer from unexplained weakness in the early stages, and this is caused by degeneration of nerves in the spine, and it can come on suddenly and last for days and weeks before improvement, and this weakness is first noticeable in the legs.
Imbalance problems are common and affect movement, and if you suffer from this condition, you may feel dizzy as well.
– Bladder problems
Almost 80% of people with multiple sclerosis suffer from frequent, sudden urination and problems with incontinence, and some people may also experience constipation, diarrhea, or loss of bowel control.
– Problems with memory and perception
This is also common, as you may experience memory problems, short attention span, depression and difficulty in understanding and perception, and memory loss may also occur in some cases.
These symptoms are not the same for everyone and an individual may also experience different symptoms during relapses.
In addition to the problems mentioned above, some of the more serious symptoms are hearing loss, seizures, breathing problems, difficulty speaking, and difficulty swallowing.
There is no cure for this disease, and the doctor will only be able to treat the symptoms, but with timely treatment, the patient can live a long and happy life.